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There are two types of cannabis cultivation facilities: indoor and outdoor. When it comes to the indoor environment, there’s more variation between different facilities than you might think at first glance. So how do you know what size your facility should be? And what considerations go into determining your floor plan? In this article, we’ll look at all the factors that go into determining the appropriate size of your marijuana cultivation facility and some helpful floor plan examples to help you get started!

Does Cannabis Cultivation Need Automation?

Cannabis cultivation requires so much time and work, and it’s no wonder why many cultivators prefer to go fully automated. But should you automate your grow room, and what does it even mean for a grow space to be automated? While automation isn’t necessary for small spaces, extensive growing facilities benefit from some level of automation. Even small spaces can automate certain aspects like watering and lighting systems. Automation in cultivation allows growers to focus on other tasks while also reducing costs by eliminating human error. However, growers can choose from several different levels of automation. For example, automatic irrigation systems are relatively common in indoor cultivation but still require human interaction. Automated nutrient dosing is another common practice used by commercial growers but still needs regular monitoring and upkeep. Fully automatic grow rooms are available but come with high price tags and generally aren’t recommended for home growers or those just starting with cannabis cultivation.

How Much Space Do I Need for An Indoor Cannabis Cultivation Facility?

When it comes to indoor growing, many factors determine how much space you need. The number and type of lights you use, whether or not you use an inert medium like Rockwool, whether you have natural or supplemental airflow, what kind of setup you’re using for your extraction methods (open-loop vs. closed-loop system), how large your vegetative rooms are…these all play a role in determining how much space is needed for each stage of your grow cycle. For example, if you’re running an open-loop extraction method on your plants at harvest, you might need more floor space than someone who plans on using CO2 as their solvent. Another factor to consider is whether or not any additional equipment needs to be stored inside your cultivation facility; if so, ensure that area can accommodate those items as well. For example: If you plan on keeping tanks full of CO2 inside your grow room(s) after they’ve been used during harvest, make sure those tanks won’t take up too much space! There’s no point in having a spacious veg room if it can’t fit everything else! As always, when planning out your garden design/layout – keep safety first!

Lighting Area Requirements for Cannabis Grow Rooms

A cultivation area should have enough lighting to cover up to 50% more space than it will be growing in. For example, if you plan on having your plants in a 4’x4′ grow room, you should ensure that you have 8’x8′ or 10’x10′ of actual growing space so that you can properly light your room from all angles. This extra space allows for proper airflow around your plants and prevents overcrowding. Depending on how much extra room you end up with, you may need to upgrade or purchase additional equipment like reflectors, ballasts, and cables. It’s important to note that different types of lights are used for different growth stages; some types require less wattage per square foot than others (see our section below). Make sure you know what kind (s) of lights you’ll need before purchasing an entire setup based on wattage requirements alone!

Ventilation Requirements for Cannabis Grow Rooms

Ventilation and cooling will take up a large portion of your electricity bill. Heat, excess moisture, and oxygen are very harmful to plants. You must keep all three at minimum levels or eliminate them from your grow room. Ventilation does not come cheap—it costs $10-$20 per hour to run fans. In other words, please don’t skimp on it.

Security and Access in an Indoor Cannabis Cultivation Facility

The security and access systems at your cultivation facility are crucial. They’re designed to ensure that only those with necessary clearance can enter restricted areas, such as where plants are being cultivated, and that inventory cannot be stolen. You must choose an access system that meets regulatory requirements while providing an adequate security level. Remember that more extensive facilities may need more sophisticated methods than smaller ones.

Computerized Air Purification Systems in a Cannabis Cultivation Facility

Air systems in cultivation facilities are designed to provide clean air free from particulates, odors, and pathogens—all potential safety issues for employees. In addition to essential filtration and ventilation measures, many cultivation facilities use automated or computerized control systems to regulate HVAC and other aspects of their operation. These include SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems monitoring onsite activity.

How to Setup Upflow Anaerobic Digestion System in a Cannabis Cultivation Facility

Upflow Anaerobic Digestion System is one type of biogas reactor. This system produces biogas from organic material and produces solid waste or sludge. Generally, it’s used for black water (sewage) treatment. It uses microorganisms to digest waste material and gasify them into methane and carbon dioxide. The following figure below shows how the Upflow Anaerobic Digestion System system works.

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